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大学英语精读第2册 第5课 课后阅读补充  

2009-01-22 11:04:56|  分类: 英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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READING ACTIVTTY
Skill: Reading Beyond the Lines
A good reader is one who can read beyond the lines, seeing ideas implied through the words, and one who can bridge the gap between the obvious and the suggested, thus obtaining much more information. Let's look at the following sentence:
John Henderson was driving home late last night from an exhausting business trip.
As you might have realized, this is the opening sentence of the story THE HITCHHIKER (Reading Practice 10, Book I). It tells the reader whom the story is about-John Henderson, and when the event takes place-late one night, If we read carefully and thoughtfully we can also infer from this sentence that
1. John Henderson may be a businessman because he has just finished a "business trip?"
2. John Henderson must be very tired because the trip is "exhausting";
3. John Henderson must be very eager to get home because he is driving "late" at night fight after this exhausting trip.
Making inferences while reading will always help us achieve a better comprehension. But we should keep in mind that inferences must be made with care and supported by evidence. In order to make reasonable inferences we should
1. read and think beyond the printed words;
2. analyze the information given in the text;
3. determine the author's reason for his choice of words.

Passage
Read carefully the following selection and complete the exercises after it.
Words to Know
Inventor  发明人

Useless  无用的,无价值的

Contrast  对比,对照

Deserve  应受,值得

Literature  文学

Skillful  灵巧的,娴熟的

Lover  爱好者;情人

Financial  金融的

Mankind  人类

Scientific  科学的

Explosive  炸药

Outstanding  杰出的

Weapon  武器

Original  有独创性的

injure   伤害
 
glory  光荣,荣誉

Alfred Nobel-a Man of Contrasts
Alfred Nobel, the Swedish inventor and industrialist, was a man of many contrasts. He was the son of a bankrupt(破产者), but became a millionaire; a scientist with a love of literature, an industrialist who managed to remain an idealist. He made a fortune but lived a simple life, and although cheerful in company he was often sad in private. A lover of mankind, he never had a wife or family to love him; a patriotic son of his native land, he died alone on foreign soil. He invented a new explosive, dynamite(甘油炸药), to improve the peacetime industries of mining and road building, but saw it used as a weapon of war to kill and injure his fellow men. (1)During his useful life he often felt he was useless: "Alfred Nobel," he once wrote of himself, "ought to have been put to death by a kind doctor as soon as, with a cry, he entered life." World-famous for his works he was never personally well known, for throughout his life he avoided publicity. "I do not see," he once said, "that I have deserved any fame and I have no taste for it," but since his death his name has brought fame and glory to others.
He was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833 but moved to Russia with his parents in 1842, where his father, Immanuel, made a strong position for himself in the engineering industry. Immanuel Nobel invented the landmine and made a lot of money from government orders for it during the Crimean War(克里米亚战争), but went bankrupt soon after. Most of the family returned to Sweden in 1859, where Alfred rejoined them in 1863, beginning his own study of explosives in his father's laboratory. (2) He had never been to school or university but had studied privately and by the time he was twenty was a skillful chemist and excellent linguist, speaking Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. Like his father, Alfred Nobel was imaginative and inventive, but he had better luck in business and showed more financial sense. He was quick to see industrial openings(机会) for his scientific inventions and built up over 80 companies in 20 different countries. (3) Indeed his greatness lay in his outstanding ability to combine the qualities of an original scientist with those of a forward-looking industrialist.
But Nobel's main concern was never with making money or even with making scientific discoveries. (4) Seldom happy, he was always searching for a meaning to life, and from his youth had taken a serious interest in literature and philosophy. Perhaps because he could not find ordinary human love-he never married -he came to care deeply about the whole of mankind. He was always generous to the poor: "I'd rather take care of the stomachs of the living than the glory of the dead in the form of stone memorials," he once said. His greatest wish, however, was to see an end to wars, and thus peace between nations, and he spent much time and money working for this cause until his death in Italy in 1896. (5)His famous will, in which he left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology(生理学), Medicine, Literature and Peace, is a memorial to his interests and ideals. And so, the man who felt he should have died at birth is remembered and respected long after his death.

Exercise A
Choose the best answer to each question:
1. According to the author scientists usually
a. take a serious interesting literature
b. take no serious interest in literature.
c. take a serious interest in literature as well as science.

  2. Generally an industrialist
a. attaches more importance to practical considerations that to ideals
b. considers practical matters as important as ideals.
c. pays attention to practical considerations but manages to remain idealistic at the same time.

  3. Alfred Nobel said he did not deserve any fame and had no taste for it. From this we can infer that Alfred Nobel was
a. a self-conscious person.
b. a generous person.
c. a modest person.

  4. The expression "have no taste for" means
a. try to avoid.
b. don't like.
c. have no ability to enjoy.

  5. The expression "made a strong position for himself" could most suitably be replaced by
a. became well established.
b. made large profits.
c. won himself a well-paid job.

  6. From the context we can guess that a "linguist" must be
a. a person who studies and is good at foreign languages.
b. an inventor in the engineering industry.
c. a scientist with a talent for language learning.

  7. A person with much financial sense is one
a. who has a very strong desire for money.
b. who cares about nothing but making profits.
c. who manages money matters well, making the best of chances for making profits.

  8. Alfred Nobel stood head and shoulders above others because
aa. s a scientist he was imaginative and inventive.
b. as an industrialist he showed prudent(慎重的) judgment had great foresight(预见)
c. both a and b

  9. "I'd rather take care of the stomachs of the living than the glory of the dead in the form of stone memorials." The implication of this statement is
a. we should honor the dead in some other way rather than by building stone monuments for them.
b. rather than spend money and make efforts in building monuments in memory of the dead, we should do something to provide more good for the living.
c. when we are planning to build monuments to honor the dead, we should also make real efforts to provide the living with more food

  10. Which of the following statements is true according to the text?
a. In leaving behind a well-meant will, Alfred Nobel succeeded in building a permanent monument for his interests and ideals.
b. Alfred Nobel made a glorious will so that he might be remembered and respected after his death.
c. In his famous will Alfred Nobel expressed his wish that a monument should be put up in memory of him as a scientist and inventor.

Exercise  B
Translate into Chinese the underlined sentences in the passage.

GUIDED WRITING
PART I
Skill: Rearranging Sentences in Logical Order
Rearrange the following sentences so that they form a coherent paragraph in logical order:
  1. One evening in 1902, as husband and wife sat together in their home, Marie Curie said:" Let's go down there for a moment."
  2. Pierre turned the key in the lock and opened the door.
  3. And there, glowing with faint blue light in the glass test- tubes on the tables, was the mysterious Something.
  4. It was nine o'clock and they had been "down there" only two hours before.
  5. "Look ... Look!"
  6. But they put on their coats and were soon walking along the street to the shed(棚)
  7. which they had worked so hard to find -Radium.
  8. "Don't light the lamps," said Marie, and they stood there in the darkness.

PART II
Paragraph Writing
Directions: Write a paragraph of 120-150 words about two aspects of Albert Einstein's personality. Cite examples from the text to illustrate his personality traits.
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