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大学英语精读第1册 第10课 课文  

2009-01-22 10:42:22|  分类: 英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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UNIT 10

TEXT

L first heard this story a few years ago from a girl l had met in New York's Greenwich Village. Probably the story is one of those mysterious bits of folklore that reappear every few years, to be told anew in one form or another. However, l still like to think that it really did happen, somewhere sometime.
Going Home
They were going to Fort Lauderdale - three boys and three girls - and when they boarded the bus, they were carrying sandwiches and wine in paper bags, dreaming of golden beaches and sea tides as the gray, cold spring of New York vanished behind them.
As the bus passed through New Jersey, they began to notice Vingo. He sat in front of them, dressed in a plain, ill-fitting suit, never moving, his dusty face masking his age. He kept chewing the inside of his lip a lot, frozen into complete silence.
Deep into the night, outside Washington, the bus pulled into Howard Johnson's, and everybody got off except Vingo. He sat footed in his seat, and the young people began to wonder about him, trying to imagine his life: perhaps he was a sea captain, a runaway from his wife, an old soldier going home. When they went back to the bus, one of the girls sat beside him and introduced herself.
"We're going to Florida," she said brightly. "I hear it's really beautiful."
"It is," he said quietly, as if remembering something he had tried to forget.
"Want some wine?" she said. He miled and took a swig from the bottle. He thanked her and retreated again into his silence. After a while, she went back to the others, and Vingo nodded in sleep.
In the morning, they awoke outside another Howard Johnson's, and this time Vingo went in. The girl insisted that he join them. He seemed very shy, and ordered black coffee and smoked nervously as the young people chattered about sleeping on beaches. When they returned to the bus, the girl sat with Vingo again, and after a while, slowly and painfully, he began to tell his story. He had been in jail in New York for the past four years, and now he was going home.
"Are you married?"
"I don't know."
"You don't know?" she said.
"Well, when I was in jail I wrote to my wife," he said. "I told her that I was going to be away a long time, and that if she couldn't stand it, if the kids kept askin' questions, if it hurt her too much, well, she could just forget me. I'd understand. Get a new guy, I said - she's a wonderful woman, really something --- and forget about me. I told her she didn't have to write me. And she didn't. Not for three and a half years."
"And you're going home now, not knowing?"
"Yeah," he said shyly. "Well, last week, when I was sure the parole was coming through, I wrote her again. We used to live in Brunswick, just before Jacksonville, and there's a big oak tree just as you come into town. I told her that if she didn't have a new guy and if she'd take me back, she should put a yellow handkerchief on the tree, and I'd get off and come home. If she didn't want me, forget it - no handkerchief, and I'd go on through."
"Wow," the girl exclaimed. "Wow."
She told the others, and soon all of them were in it, caught up in the approach of Brunswick, looking at the pictures Vingo showed them of his wife and three children - the woman handsome in a plain way, the children still unformed in the much-handled snapshots.
Now they were 20 miles from Brunswick, and the young people took over window seats on the right side, waiting for the approach of the great oak tree. Vingo stopped looking, tightening his face, as if fortifying himself against still another disappointment.
Then Brunswick was 10 wiles, and then five, Then, suddenly, all of the young people were up out of their seats, screaming and shouting and crying, doing small dances of joy. All except Vingo.
Vingo sat there stunned, looking at the oak tree. It was covered with yellow handkerchiefs -20 of them, 30 of them, maybe hundreds, a tree that stood like a banner of welcome billowing in the wind. As the young people shouted, the old con slowly rose from his seat and made his way to the front of the bus to go home.

回家

他们要去洛德代尔堡——三个男孩子和三个女孩子。他们上了公共汽车,用纸袋带着夹心面包和葡萄酒。当纽约灰暗寒冷的春天他们身后消失时,他们正梦想着金色的海滩和大海的潮水。

公共汽车驶过新泽西时,他们开始注意到了文戈。他坐在他们前面,穿着一套不合身的便服,一动也不动。他风尘满面,让人看不出他有多大岁数。他不停地咬着嘴唇内侧,表情冷淡,默默无言。

深夜,公共汽车驶抵华盛顿郊外,停进了霍华德·约翰逊餐馆。所有人都下了车,只有文戈除外。他像生了根似地坐在座位上,几个年轻人开始诧异起来,试图象出他的身世。他或许是位商船船长,或是一个抛下妻子离家出走的人,再不就是一个解甲归田的老兵。当他们回到车上时,一个女孩子便坐在他身边,作了自我介绍。

“我们要到佛罗里达去,”她兴高采烈地说。“听说那儿的确很美。”

“是的。”他轻声说道,仿佛想起了一直起忘却的什么事情。

“想喝点酒吗?”她问。他徵微一笑,就着瓶子喝了一大口。他谢了谢她,又缩了回去一声不响了。过了一会儿,她回到自己一伙人身边,而文戈则打着盹睡着了。

第二天早上,他们醒来,车已停在另一家霍华德·约翰逊餐馆外面。这一次文戈进去了。那女孩一定要他跟他们坐在一起。他好像很害羞,要了杯不加牛奶的清咖啡,在年轻人喋喋不休地谈论着露宿沙滩的乐趣时,他却紧张不安。回到车上以后,那女孩又跟文戈坐在了一起。过了一会儿,他慢吞吞地,不胜辛酸地讲起了他的身世。他在纽约坐了四年牢,现在要回家了。

“你有太太吗?”

“不知道。”

“你不知道?”她问。

“是这样的,我在坐牢的时候曾写信给我妻子,”他说。“我告诉他我要离开很长一段时间,要是她受不了,要是孩子们老是问这问那,要是这事太让她伤心,那她可以干脆忘掉我。我会理解的。我说,再找个男人,她是个很好的女人,真的挺不错。忘掉我吧。我告诉她不必给我写信。她没有写。三年半没有给我写信。”

“你现在什么也不知道就这样回家?”

“嗯,” 他难为情地说。“噢,上个礼拜,当我得知我的假释即将获准时,我又给她写了封信。我们过去一直住在布伦斯威克,克杰逊维尔前面一点,就在镇口有一棵大橡树。我告诉她,要是她没有别的男人,要是她还想让我回去,就在树上系一条黄手绢,我就会下车回家。要是她不要我,我当没这回事好了——不要系手绢,我就继续坐着汽车一直到终点站。”

“哇,”女孩子叫了起来。“哇。”

她告诉了别的人,很快大家全知道了,大家全都关注着布伦斯威克的到来。他们看着文戈拿给他们的几张照片,是他妻子和三个孩子的照片——从那几张触摸过多的快照上看,那女人自有一种朴实的美,孩子们还比较小。

现在他们离布伦斯威克只有20英里了,年轻人都坐了车右边靠窗的座位上,等待着那棵大橡树的出现。文戈不再张望,他绷紧脸,仿佛正在鼓足勇气准备经受另一次失望似的。

离布伦斯威克只有十英里了,只有五英里了。突然,所有的年轻人都从座位上站了起来,尖叫着,呼喊着,大声嚷嚷着,跳起了欢乐的舞蹈。只有文戈除外。

文戈坐在那儿望着橡树惊呆了。树上挂满了黄手绢——20条,30条,或许有几百条,一棵树立在那儿就像欢迎的旗帜在迎风招展。在年轻人的欢呼声中,这位刚从监狱释放的人慢吞吞地从座位上站起来,向车子前部走去,准备下车回家。






NEW WORDS
Mysterious        strange        神秘的
Mystery
Folklore         民间传说
Reappear         appear again after an absence       再(出)现Anew            in a new or different way; again     重新;再
Sometime        at some uncertain or unstated time   某个时候
Tide            潮汐
Vanish         disappear
Ill - fitting        不合身的
Dusty          covered with dust      满是灰尘的
Mask           hide     遮盖;掩盖
Root         (cause to) be fixed and unmoving (使)生根;(使)固定
Runaway      a person that has left home or escaped     逃跑者,出逃者
Brightly     in a bright manner, cheerfully     欢快地,高兴地
Swig         a long and large drink     痛饮
Retreat      go back; withdraw      退缩;退却,撤退
Chatter      talk fast and noisily about sth. unimportant   喋喋不休
Painfully    in great discomfort     痛苦的
Painful
Jail        prison       监狱
Guy         man; fellow    人,家伙
Yeah        yes    
Parole      conditional   release from prison     假释
Oak         橡树
Wow         an expression of surprise    哇,呀
Exclaim     dry out suddenly because of surprise, anger, pain, etc.  惊叫,叫喊说
Approach    coming near or nearer     接近,临近
Unformed     immature     发育未全的
Handle      touch, feel or use (sth.) with the hand (s) 触, 摸, 抚弄
Snapshot     快照
Tighten      make or become tighter or firmer     (使)变紧;(使)绷紧
Fortify      make strong       增强;给...以勇气
Stun         shock or surprise        使震惊;使目瞪口呆
Banner       flag      旗,旗帜
Billow       wave     (波浪)翻腾;波浪般起伏
Con          convict, prisoner     囚犯


PHRASES EXPRESSIONS
Dream of          wish for ardently       向往,渴望
Pull into         enter, arrive at       (车等)驶入;到达
Take back         agree to receive sb. Whom one has dismissed   允许... 回来,接受
Come through     arrive as expected       如所预料地到来
Be caught up in          be very interested in     对... 入迷
Take over        occupy     占用,接管
Make one's way     move along     去,前往


PROPER NAMES
Greenwich Village           格林尼治村(纽约市)
Fort Lauderdale             洛德代尔堡(佛罗里达州)
New Jersey                  新泽西(美国州名)
Vingo                       文戈(姓氏)
Howard Johnson              霍华德.约翰逊
Florida                     佛罗里达(美国州名)
Brunswick                   布伦斯威克(佐治亚洲)
Jacksonville                杰克逊维尔(佛罗里达州)


NOTES
1. The story first appeared in the New York Post in 1971. The present text is selected from New Advanced Reading Skill Builder  1.Its author is Pete Hamill.
2. Pete Hamill (1935 - ) : American journalist
3. Greenwich Village: a section of Lower Manhattan, New York City
4. Fort Lauderdale: a city of Southeast Florida, to the north of Miami Beach.
5. Howard Johnson's: a popular chain of restaurants(联号饭店)in America that are often located along large roads and highways.
6. "And you are going home now, not knowing?"
  "And you are going home now, without knowing whether or not your wife still wants you?"
7. Brunswick: a city of Southeast Georgia
8. Jacksonville: a city of Northeast Florida
9. ... and there's a big oak tree just as you come into town:
  ... and there's a big oak tree, which you can see just as you come into town.
10. ... and all of them were in it:
  ... and all of them knew the story.

STUDY PRACTICE
Words to Drill
Approach          brightly             dusty                  exclaim
Handle            mask                 mysterious             painfully
Retreat           root                 sometime               stun
Tighten          vanish

Reading Aloud and Memorizing
1 Read the following paragraphs until you learn them by heart, paying attention to sense groups and the sentence stress:
`Then `Brunswick was `10 `miles, and `then `five. `Then, `suddenly, `all of the `young `people were `up out of their `seats, `screaming and `shouting and `crying, `doing `small `dances of `joy. `All except `Vingo.
Vingo `sat `there `stunned, `looking at the `oak `tree. It was `covered with `yellow `handkerchiefs --`20 of them, `30 of them, maybe `hundreds, a `tree that `stood like a `banner of `welcome `billowing in the `wind. As the `young `people `shouted, the `old `con `slowly `rose from his `seat and `made his `way to the `front of the `bus to `go `home.
2 Read the following poem:
          You placed gold on my finger.
          You brought love like I've never known.
         You gave life to our children
        And to me a reason to go on.
        You're my bread when I'm hungry.
        You're my shelter from the troubled winds.
You're my anchor in life's ocean.
But, most of all , you're my best friend.

When I need hope and inspiration.
You're always strong when I'm tired and weak.
I could search this whole world over,
You'll still be everything that I need.


你把金戒戴在我的手指上,
你将我从未体验的爱带进我心房,
你赋予我们的孩子们以生命,
也使我有了继续生活的力量。

你晚饥饿时的食粮,
你晚免遭暴风暴袭击的避风港。
你是我的船锚,在生活的海洋上,
但最重要的是,是你那知已衷肠。

每逢我需要激励和希望,
我精疲力竭,虚弱异常,而你却总是那么坚强。
即使我搜遍这大千世界,
你仍然是我所需要的一切。


Comprehension of the Text
3 Choose the best answer for each of the following:
  1. The young people on the bus were going to Florida because
  a. they wanted to vacation(度假) in the sunshine.
  b. it was their Christmas vacation.
  c. they went to school in Florida
  d. they wanted to visit their relatives there.
  2. One thing that the young people noticed about Vingo was
  a. that he liked to meet new people.
  b. that for a long time he did not move or speak.
  c. that the was very old.
  d. that he was trembling with cold.
  3. The young people thought that Vingo.
  a. might have been a criminal.
  b. might have abandoned (遗弃) his wife.
  c. might have been a very wealthy (富有的) man.
  d. might have been turned out ba his wife.
  4. To Vingo. Florida
  a. was a beautiful place with many pleasant memories.
  b. was of little interest though it was beautiful.
  c. was a place that brought back to mind painful memories.
  d. was in fact the Land of Promise. (期望中的乐土)
  5. When Vingo finally went into the Howard Johnson's restaurant with the young people, he seemed very
  a. self - conscious (害羞)
  b. angry
  c. relieved.
  d. unfriendly
  6. How did the other young people on the bus find out about Vingo's story?
  a. Vingo told them himself.
  b. The girl who sat next to Vingo told them.
  d. They heard it from the bus driver.
  d. They overheard Vingo and the girl talk.
  7. From Vingo's description of his letter to his wife, we can assume
  a. that he wanted her to forget about him.
  b. that he would be angry with her if she got remarried.
  c. that he wanted her to be happy.
  d. that he had not wanted her to write to him.
  8. Vingo asked his wife to let him know if
  a. she had remarried.
  b. she would put a handkerchief on the tree.
  c. she still lived in Brunswick.
  d. she wanted him back.
  9. As the bus approached Brunswick, Vingo
  a. watched eagerly for a glimpse of the oak tree.
  b. became very lively and talked excitedly to the young people.
  c. tightened his face and prepared for another disappointment.
  d. stopped looking, fearing that his wife might have got remarried.
  10. As the bus approached Brunswick, the young people on the bus
  a. became silent and waited eagerly.
  b. got nervous and restless(焦躁不安的)
  c. were lost in thought.
  d. became anxious about Vingo's safety.
  11. The young people shouted and cried as Vingo got off the bus because
  a. they were happy for Vingo.
  b. they were sorry for Vingo.
  c. Vingo was leaving them.
  d. Vingo was back home safe and sound.
  12. The oak tree had lots of yellow handkerchiefs on it because Vingo's wife
  a. was worried that Vingo wouldn't be able to see just one handkerchief.
  b. was eager to show him she had become a rich woman now.
  c. wanted him to stay on the bus and keep going
  d. wanted to show him how glad she was to have him home.
4 Answer the following questions:
1. Where were the young people going?
2. How was Vingo dressed? Was he old or young?
3. Why were the young people on the bus interested in Vingo?
4. When the girl asked him whether he was married or not, why did Vingo answer that he didn't know?
5. Why didn't Vingo's wife write to him for three and a half years?
6. Is it important that you don't know exactly why Vingo was in jail? Why or why not?
7. Why do you think Vingo's wife put so many yellow handkerchiefs on the oak tree?
8. What do you think the youg people would have said to Vingo if there had been no handkerchiefs on the tree?
9. What do you think of Vingo's wife?
10. What do you think of the ending of the story?

Vocabulary
5 Find in Column B descriptions that fit the words or expressions in Column A:
         A                            B
1.`mysterious                       a. hide
2. vanish                           b. arrive as expected
3. mask                             c. move
4. root                             d. shock
5. brightly                         e. come near or nearer
6. come through                     f. cheerfully and happily
7. exclaim                          g. disappear
8. approach                         h. cry loudly
9. stun                             i. Fix (as if) by roots
10.make one's way                  j. hard to explain or understand
6  Fill in the blanks with the words or expressions given below. Change the from where necessary.
Tighten          handle         brightly         mask           caught up in
Take back        stun           dream of        mysterious      make one's way
Pull into        vanish         retreat         come through
1. The farmer had looked all over for his pick (镐), but in vain(白费力). It seemed to ______.
2. The screws(螺钉) are somewhat loose. I'll have them _____.
3. The young villagers were determined to find out about the ______ noise they heard each night.
4. wash your hands before you ________ my books, please.
5. We were so ______ the TV program that we forgot about the time.
6. The taxi driver ______ a roadside restaurant to get something to eat.
7. When he was young he _____ traveling round the world.
8. After a week's work, Prof, Smith likes to ____ th the country to relax.
9. She was _____ by the news of her son's death.
10. I was told that our examination results _____ to us by post the next week.
11. Hungry and sleepy, the explorers slowly _____ across the wilderness(茺野)
12. Vingo was really lucky that his wife was willing to _____  him _____.
13. .Hard as she tried to hold herself in ,she could not ______ her sadness.
14. .The girl smiled _____, as if she were free from all life's troubles.

7 Complete the following sentences, using the words in brackets:
  1. The people of the United States were greatly shocked at the news of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (珍珠港)
  The news of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor ... (stun)
  2. The wild animals started to run when the hunters came closer.
  The wild animals started to run ... (approach)
  3. The film on TV held such a great attraction for me that I forgot to do my homework.
  I was ... (caught up in)
  4. Although the Second World War ended more than fifty years ago, it remains a bitter memory for many people.
  Although the Second World War ended more that fifty years ago, many people still ... (painfully)
  5. Her face was no longer wearing a cheerful smile when she heard the bad news.
  The cheerful smile ... (vanish)
  6. Although America's divorce rate is high, most Americans want to have a happy marriage.
  In spite of ... (dream of)

Word Building
8 The suffix -y can be added to nouns to form adjectives, with the meaning "full of, having, containing, covered with, or inclined to (想要)". E.g.
fun         + - y            ->funny: full of fun
cloud       + - y             -> cloudy:  having clouds
salt       + - y              -> salty: containing salt
dust       + - y             -> dusty: covered with dust
sleep       + - y            -> sleepy: inclined to sleep
  Now form adjectives by adding -y to the nouns listed below and then use them in the following sentences:
Noise            health          dirt          smell           storm
Sun             smoke            rain          mud(泥浆)
  1. The children looked wonderfully _____ with their bright eyes and rosy cheeks.
  2. "Don't touch the biscuits(饼干) with your _____ hands," cried Mrs. Johnson to her son Tom. "Go and wash them!"
  3. You can hear the _____ motorcycle from a distance.
  4. "Big Jim" and his friends began to smoke after lunch and soon made the room ___.
  5. It is too _____ to sail today.
  6. I hope it will be ____ tomorrow. We have had too many _____ days.
  7. When you walk on _____ ground, you get mud on your shoes.
  8. Take the _____ fish out of the refrigerator!

9  Compound adjectives can be formed by combining adverbs with past participles. Study the following compound adjectives formed in this way and then use them in the given sentences.
Much- handled            much- used          ill- advised(不明智的)
Well- known             well- informed       well- paid
Well- traveled          poorly- dressed
1. To give up such a chance would be an _____ decision.
2. Though he has a ____ job and a good family, he still feels that his life is somewhat empty.
3. This _____ phrase has lost its former freshness.
4. The news comes from a _____ source.
5. Depend upon it, that _____ gentleman isn't poor at all.
6. Mr. Black is a ____ man. At 35 he has been to most of the countries in Europe and America.
7. He took out a _____ note- book from his pocket and wrote down my telephone number in it.
8. The restaurant is _____ for its roast duck(烤鸭)

10 In the English language, quite a few verbs may be converted(转化) into nouns and nouns into verbs. Hence many a word can be used both as a noun and as a verb, e.g.
Queen Elizabeth II knighted Chichester after he had sailed round the world single- handed.(n. -> v.)
  The old man had a bad fall and broke a rib(肋骨). (v. -> n.)
  Now choose one of the words listed below to complete each of the following sentences:
Root     retreat      mask     approach      board        dream        notice
1. The edible(可以食用的)part of this plant is its ______.
2. Did you _____ her pale face at the party last night? I suppose she was not quite herself at the time.
3. When the enemy began to lose heavily, their commander ordered a _____.
4. The whistle is blowing. Let's the train now.
5.Tom hid his hatred for his master under the _____ of loyalty (忠诚)
6. After months of fighting, the enemy troops began to ______.
7. Winter is _____. Have you any plan for the forthcoming(即将到来的) vacation?
8. There was a hand- written ______ on the bulletin board(布告栏).
9. Every culture is _______ in tradition(传统).
10. I always feel sick as soon as I am on ____ a ship.
11. The silly girl spends all her time _____ of becoming a movie- star.
12. Sunset announces the _____ of night.
13. His smile could not very well _____ his anger.
14. _______ do come true sometimes.

Structure
11 Rewrite the given sentences after the models:
  Model 1: He sat in front of them. And his dusty face masked his age.
          He sat in front of them. His dusty face masking his age.
  1. She heard a continual(时断时续的) strange noise coming from the next room. Her heart beat fast.
  2. The old beggar sat at the corner. Tears welled up (涌上) in his eyes.
  3. Jim continued on his way. The dog was jumping about in front of him.
  4. The girl in the snapshot wore a broad smile. Her long hair flowed in the breeze(微风).
  Mode 2: The girl said that he must join them.
         The girl insisted that he (should) join them.
  1. Mother said that we must be back before 6 in the evening.
  2. The salesman said that the money must be paid before the goods were delivered.
  3. The prime minister(首相) said that a committee must be set up to look into the matter.
  4. His teacher said that he must read the book once again before he started writing the report.
  Model 3: "It is," he said quietly. It seemed that he was remembering something he had tried to forget.
          "It is," he said quietly, as if remembering something he had tried to forget.
  1. Red flags were seen billowing in the breeze.
   It seemed that they were greeting the soldiers coming home.
  2. The brook(小河) kept murmuring(潺潺作响) all the year round.
   It seemed that it was telling a never- ending story of sorrows(不幸).
  3. The young men answered the strangers kindly.
   It seemed that they were speaking to good friends.
  4. Tom turned round from time to time.
   It seemed that he was searching for someone in the crowd.

Cloze
12 Fill in the missing words
(A)
When the college students were on the bus to Fort Lauderdale for their spring break, they noticed a m_____(1) looking man in a nearby seat. The man seemed c_____ u_____ I____(2) his own thoughts, and the students wondered what stories there were behind his d_____(3) face. Finally, one of the girls m_____ h______ w_____(4) to his seat and introduced herself to him; and he began to p_____(5) tell the story of his years in prison and separation from his wife. As the bus a____(6) his hometown, he told the students that he had written to his wife, telling her that if she wanted to t____ h_____ b____(7), she should tie a yellow handkerchief on the big oak tree on the outskirts(城郊) of the town as a sign. If there was no handkerchief, he would v____(8) from her life and never trouble her again. When the bus p____ I____(9) the town, he and the students watched anxiously for the yellow handkerchief. At last, the students e_____(10) their congratulations(祝贺) to the man when, not one, but countless yellow handkerchiefs appeared on the oak tree.
                        (B)
I still don't believe in ghosts (鬼) even after my experience at the Rose Inn(旅店). At _____(1) I have never seen one. But ghost stories have made me _____(2) uncomfortable since then. I arrived _____(3) the inn late at night and asked the landlord(店主) ______(4) a room.
"There's nothing left," he said, "_____(5) you'd like to sleep in Number 7."
"Why not?" I said. "What's wrong _____(6) it?" I was so tired that I would have slept _____(7).
"Nothing," he said slowly. "But something _____(8) there a few months ago."
Every old inn has ______(9) strange stories, so I thought that ____(10) sooner he told me about it the _____(11). I was willing to listen to _____(12) for the sake of a bed to sleep _____(13).
"A man came here late _____(14) night, like you," the landlord _____(15). "I thought there was something strange ______(16) him because he kept looking _____(17) his shoulder while he was signing his _____(18) in the book. He asked me _____(19) room he could have and I o_____(20) him Number 7. "There's a man _____(21) has said he'll kill me," he said suddenly. 'With a knife.' He looked so f____(22) that I thought I had better ____(23) him to his room. I unlocked the door and left him _____(24) himself. The next day we found him _____(25), with a knife beside him. He had _____(26) his own throat," the landlord said. "Or someone _____(27) had done it .Do you mind ____(28) there now that you know the story?"
"Well," I said. "No one is f____(29) me. But I wish you ____(30) told me the story in the morning. As it is, I'll sleep here _____(31 the floor in the bar ____(32) you've got a couple of blankets."

Translation
13 Translate the following sentences into English:
  1.教授走进教室时,我们正兴致勃勃地讨论中东(the Middle East)的形势。(caught up in)
  2.一辆卡车驶进了学校积雪覆盖的操场。
  3.午夜(midnight)后某个时候,敌人被迫撤退了。
  4.就是在那间斗室里,他们勤奋地工作着,憧憬着美好的未来。
  5.老太太听到铃响,便从椅子上站起来,向门口走去。
  6.经过一天的战斗,我们的士兵占领了敌人的一些重要阵地(position). (take over)
  7.老妇人愤愤地大声叫喊说,那个女店员骗了她。
  8.我上汽车不久就注意到一个外貌很怪的男人。他穿着一件不合身的上衣,一动不动地坐在位子上。


READING ACTIVTTY
Skill: Reading for Full Understanding
Here is a short story intended for you to practise your skills in reading for full understanding. First read through the whole story to obtain an overall impression, and then, reread it and answer the question or questions after each section(章节)
Words to Know
Exhaust          使筋疲力尽             headquarters        总部
Sympathy        同情                    sweat               出汗
Harm            伤害,危害              ridiculous          茺谬的,可笑的
Penetrate       刺穿                    quit               停止,放弃
Cigarette       香烟                   puzzle              使迷惑
Avoid          避免                    alarm               惊恐;忧虑
Personal       个人的,私人的          conclusion          结论
Ease           舒适,安逸

The Hitchhiker(搭车者)
John Henderson was driving home late last night from an exhausting business trip. (1) He had put off visiting the company's new headquarters in order to get home before midnight, and now he was having trouble staying awake. He turned up the radio and tried to concentrate on the news - something about a robbery - but his eyes kept on closing. His wife was back home in Dayton, and he missed having her company on this long trip.
1. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
  a. Eager to get home after a long business trip, John Henderson lost no time in driving towards Dayton, though it was very late at night.
  b. Originally he planned to go and see the company's new headquarters, but later on he changed his mind and went straight home instead.
  c. He was so tired out that he had great difficulty keeping himself awake, even though he had turned on the radio and forced himself to listen to the news.
  d. He hurried home late at night because he had promised his wife that he would get back before midnight.

It was then that he noticed the hitchhiker at the side of the road. Without even thinking about what he was doing, he slowed down and stopped the car. (2) He couldn't help feeling sorry for the young man who looked so wet and miserable in the rain. "Get in," he said.
John remembered having to hitchhike home from the university before he had a car. He couldn't stand sitting at the side of the road for hours, waiting for rides.
2. At the sight of that young man, John Henderson offered him a lift without any hesitation. It was because
  a. he felt sympathy for the young man.
  b. he thought the hitchhiker would do no harm to him.
  c. he knew well that it was not at all a happy experience to wait for hours, begging for a free ride.
  d. both a  c

The hitchhiker got in and immediately John wzas sorry that he had picked him up. The young man had a strange face and very penetrating(锐利的) eyes. His clothes were old and dirty, and his long hair needed cutting. (3) The hitchhiker lit a cigarette and said he was going to Woodsville but when John asked him other questions, the young man avoided giving him any personal information and changed the subject.
3. John regretted having picked up the young man because
  a. the guy had a very strange look and his sharp eyes made him ill at ease.
  b. the guy's dirty clothes and long hair made a poor impression upon him.
  c. the guy failed to answer any questions about himself.
  d. all of the above
  John began to sweat and his thoughts turned nervously to his wallet and all the money he was carrying. He desperately tried to remember what the newscaster(新闻广播员) had said earlier about a robbery. Don't be ridiculous! He thought to himself. Stop imagining things! This guy isn't a criminal. What's the use of panicking(惊慌)?
Even though he had quit smoking three months before, John felt like having a cigarette. (4) He asked his passenger for one but before lighting it, he had to wait for his hands to stop shaking. At the next small town John stopped the car and said, "I just can't seem to stay awake. I think I'll try and find a hotel and spend the night here." He apologized nervously to the hitchhiker for not being able to drive him to Woodsville.
4. What details provided in this section indicate that John became frightened at the thought that the young man might be a criminal?
a._____________________________
b.____________________________
c.____________________________
d.___________________________
The young man slowly reached into his pocket. "This is it!" thought John. "I'm a dead man." (5) At that very moment he considered shouting for help, but instead of a gun or a knife, the hitchhiker pulled out several wrinkled bills(钞票) and offered them to John. "Oh, no. I don't want your money. Just get out, Okay?"
The young man looked puzzled, but insisted on giving John the money -- $ 500. "My father is John Baresford, the oil millionaire, you see," he said. "Thanks for taking me this far."
John waited until his passenger had disappeared from sight, then he stepped on the gas(踩油门) and drove out of town. He was looking forward to getting home. Martha will never believe this! He thought to himself.
5. When the young man put his hand into the pocket, John thought, "This is it!" "This is it!" most probably means.
  a. "It's time for me to shout for help."
  b. "It just serves me right!"
  c. "This is the end of my life1"
  d. "He's now producing a gun or knife to kill me!"
6. It turned out to be a false alarm. The young man declared himself to be _____.

Questions for further thought
1. The news "about a robbery" is mentioned in the first paragraph. Did you recognize it as an important detail during your first reading? If not, when did you come to realize it was an important detail? And what made you think it was important?
2. At the end of the story, John's suspicion against the young man turned out to
be a false alarm. The young man was, or rather, he said he was, a son of an oil millionaire. But, is it possible that the young man was none other than the criminal in the news? Read the story again, looking for details which might help bring you to such a conclusion.

Exercise
Translate into Chinese the underlined sentences in the passage.

GUIDED WRITING
Review
Combine the following into a 12- sentence paragraph, using the writing skills you have learned in this book:
1.I was young.
  I had a very bad temper.
2.I did something once.
  I am now very ashamed of that.
3.Tom was my older sister's fiancé(未婚夫)
  Tom was in the army.
  Every week my sister bought cigarettes for Tom.
  My sister kept the cigarettes in a drawer in her bedroom.
4.It happened one day.
  I had a quarrel with my sister.
5.My mother was out.
  My father was out.
  My sister was looking after me.
6.I wanted to stay up.
  I wanted to watch television.
  My sister insisted that I go to bed.
7.I became very angry.
  I went to her bedroom with a pair of scissors.
  I cut all the cigarettes into small pieces.
8.My sister discovered what I had done.
  My sister burst out crying.
9.My parents came home.
  My father asked me a question.
10.My father asked me a question.
   "Is your sister telling the truth"?
11.I could not deny the fact.
   I had cut up the cigarettes.12.I was severely (严厉地) punished.
   I did not get any more pocket money.
   I got pocket money again only after I had paid for the cigarettes.


SUPPLEMENTARY READING IN POPULAR SCIENCE
Will Computers Take the Place of Teachers?
Will teachers be a thing of the past? American universities are now developing computer- aided instruction (CAI), which may some day allow students to get degrees without ever meeting their professors.
Words to Know
Aid             帮助            survey           调查
Instruction     教学            pace             步速;节奏
Logic           逻辑            convenient       方便的
Feature         特征,特色      terminal         终端
Clue            线索,提示      rating           评分
Connection      关系            lawyer           律师
Complaint       抱怨            reward           酬劳,奖赏
 
Computers have become important tools in education. Colleges use them for everything from record keeping to computer - aided instruction (CAI) and even to the providing of guidance for career choices.
One of the best known CAI courses is the one on logic given at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. It is famous because it was among the first CAI courses, and because it is taught entirely by a computer. There is no professor, and there are no class meetings.
Stanford's logic course has a few special features. If the student types "hint," the computer provides a clue to help find the answer to a question. By typing "news," the student is told of any new developments and changes in connection with the course. If the student keys in "gripe," (抱怨) he or she can enter a complaint about the course.
A survey of students taking the course showed that they particularly liked to do the work at their own pace. Also, they found it convenient to be able to use the computer terminals twenty- four hours a day, six days a week. Although the Stanford students spent more time on this logic course than on most of their other courses, they gave it the highest possible course rating.
Jane is in her second year at college, but she is still not sure what career she would enjoy after college. SIGI(System of Interactive Guidance and Information), at her school, is helping Jane and other students to pick their courses and plan their careers.
It took Jane nearly four hours at the SIGI terminal to answer all the questions the computer asked. What are your strengths? What are your weaknesses? What is important about you? Do you like to work outdoors or indoors?
After getting answers to a number of questions, the computer screen showed a long list of possible career choices. The computer then asked more questions. The list of possible careers got shorter.
Next the computer compared the requirements for each career with Jane's abilities and interests. It predicted how successful she would be in each possible career. More questions narrowed down the field even more. They also helped Jane to think more clearly about her future.
Toward the end of her time with SIGI, Jane was convinced that she should follow a career in law. The computer suggested what courses she should take to become a lawyer. It also drew up a list of both the rewards and drawbacks(不利之处) of a law career.
                             (adapted from Computers in Your Life)

Answer the following questions:
1. What is CAI?
2. Why did the Stanford logic course become famous?
3. Name a special feature in Stanford's logic course.
4. Why did Stanford students like the logic course?
5. How did Jane choose her career?


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