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英语四千单词百日通(2)  

2008-04-11 10:51:44|  分类: 英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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第十二课  词头com-,con-,col-,cor-(共同,加强) -------------------------------------------(PART 1)
派生词com-加在一些词的前面可以构成新词,具有“共同”,“加强”,“互相”等意思。Con-用在

c,d,f,g,j,n,q,s,t,v,之前;col-用在l之前;cor-用在r之前。例如:
labor  n/vt/vi  工作,劳动                              collaborate  vt合作
                                                      collaboration  n合作
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------
lapse  n/vi/vt  跌落;陷入;使失效                      collapse  vi/vt使倒坍,崩溃
                                                      collapsible  a(椅子等)可折叠的

linear  a线的                                          collinear  a共线的
loquacious  a多话的,健谈的                            colloquial  a口语的;会话的
                                                      colloquialism  n口语
                                                      colloquist  n谈话者,对谈者
                                                      colloquium  n讨论会,报告
                                                      colloquy  n谈话
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

mandate  n/vt命令,委任,委托                        command  vt/vi命
                                                     commandant  a指挥官,命令
                                                     commandeer  vt征用
                                                     commander  n指挥员,司令
                                                     commanding  a指挥的
                                                     commend  vt把……交托给
                                                                  称赞
                                                     commendable  a值得称赞的
                                                     commendation  n称赞
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mensurable  a可量的                                  commensurability  n可公度;
                                                                       可通度
                                                      commensurable  a可公度的
                                                      commensurate  a同量的
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------
mission  n使命,任务                                 commission  n为人,任命
                                                    commissioner  n委员,特派员
                                                    commitment  n交托
                                                    committee  n委员会
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


patriot  n爱国者                                     compatriot  n同胞,同一国人
                                                    compatriotic  a同胞的
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------
catenate  vt连锁,连接                               concatenate  vt连锁,连接
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

catenation  n连锁,连接                              concatenation  n连锁,连接

cave  n/vt/vi洞;掘洞,使塌陷;陷落                   concave  a/n凹的;凹面;凹
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

cede  vt放弃,让步                                  concede  vt/vi 承认;让步
                                                               放弃希望
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


cession  n让与                                       concession  n让步;租地
                                                    concessionaire  n受让人
                                                    concessionary  a让步的
                                                    concessive  a让步的
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------
cordial  n/a强心剂;热心的                            concord  a协调,同意,一致
                                                    concordance  n协调,一致
                                                    concordancy  n协调,一致
                                                    concordant  a协调的,一致的
                                                    concordat  n协定;契约
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------
current  n/a流;趋势;流通;现在;当前            concur  vi同意,一致
                                                 concurrence  n同意,一致
                                                 concurrent  a同意的,一致的
                                                 concurrently  adv同意地;一致地
                                                concurrentness  adv同意;一致
12课------------------------------------------------------------------(PART2)
duct  n导管                                         conduce  v导致
                                                    conductor  vt/vi/n引导;传导
                                                    conductance  n导致;电导
                                                    conductibility  n传导性
                                                    conductible  n传导;引导
                                                    conductive  a传导性;有传导力的
                                                    conductivity  n传导性
                                                    conductor  n导体;引导者
                                                    conductress  n女引导者
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----------------
form  n/vt/vi形状;构成;形成                        conform  vi/vt使相似;使一致;使适应
                                                   conformable  a相似的;一致的;适应的
                                                    conformance  n相似;一致;适应
                                                    conformation  n形成;一致;适应
                                                    conformism  n盲从态度
                                                    conformist  n/a尊奉传统者;因袭的
                                                    conformity  n相似;一致;服从
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------
front  n前面;正面                                   confront  vt面对,使碰面
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------
fuse  vi/vt使熔合;结合                               confuse  vt使混乱
                                                    confusion  n混乱
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------
join  vt连接;结合                                    conjoin  vt/vi连接;结合
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----------------
joint  n/v/a连接物;连接;联合的                      conjoint  a连接的;联合的
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----------------
junction  n连合                                      conjunction  n连合;连接词
                                                    conjunct  a连合的
                                                    conjunctional  a连合的
                                                    conjunctive  a/n连合的;连接词
                                                    conjuncture  n结合
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------
query  vt/vi/n质问,发问                              conquer  vt攻克;征服
                                                     conquerable  a可攻克的;可征服的
                                                     conqueringly  adv胜利地;以征服者的姿态
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------
quest  vi/vt/n搜寻;远征                               conquest  n攻克,征服
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------
science  n知识;科学                                  conscience  n良心
                                                     conscientious  a有良心的
                                                     conscious  a知觉的;有意识的
                                                     consciously  adv知觉上;意识上
                                                     consciousness  n知觉,意识
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------
scribe  n/vt书写                                       conscribe  vt征召;征(兵)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------
script  n书写手迹                                      conscript  vt/n征召;征兵;应征士兵
                                                     conscription  n征召;征兵
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------
sentient  a有感觉的                                   consent  vi/n同意,答应
                                                     consentaneous  a同意的;一致的
                                                     consenter  n同意者
                                                     consentient  a同意的;一致的
                                                     consenting  a同意的;准许的
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------
sequence  n顺序;后果                                consequence  n结果
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------
sequent  a/n连续的;结果                           consequent  a/n作为结果的;推论
                                                    consequential  a结果的
                                                    consequently  adv因而;所以
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------
sign  n/vt/vi签字;标签                               consign  vt/vi交付;委托;同意
                                                    consignation  n委托;托送
                                                    consignee  n收件人;受托人
                                                    consigner  n交付人;委托人
                                                    consignment  n交付;委托
                                                    consignor  n交付人;委托人


12课------------------------------------------------------------------(PART3)
sort  n种类;品种;品质                               consort  n配偶;同事;结交;调和
                                                      consortium  n合伙;财团;会社;结合
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------
species  n种类                                        conspecies  n同属的动植物
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------
specific  a特种的                                      conspecific  a同种的
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------
strict  a严格的;拉紧的                                constrict  vt收紧,压缩
constriction  a收紧,压缩
constrictive  a收紧的;压缩的
constrictor  n/压缩物
constrictor  n收紧;压缩
constringency  n收紧;压缩
constringent  a收紧的;压缩的
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------
temporary  a一时的,暂时的                            contemporary  a同时代的;同时期的
                                                      contemporaneity  n同时代;当代
                                                       contemporaneous  a同时代的
                                                       contemporize   vt/vi使同时发生
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------
traction  n拖;牵引                                      contraction  n收缩
                                                        contract  vt/vi收缩
                                                        contracted  a收缩的
                                                        contractibility  n收缩性
                                                        contractile  a可收缩的
                                                        contractible  a会收缩的
                                                        contractility  n收缩力
                                                        contractive  a有收缩性的
                                                        contractor  n收缩肌;立约者
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------
verge  vi倾向                                            converge  vi/vt集中于一点;趋于相同目的
                                                         convergence  n集中
                                                         convergency  n集中
                                                         convergent  a集中的,会聚的
                                                         convergently  adv集中地;会聚地
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------
volution  n旋转                                           convolution  n盘旋
                                                         convolute  vi/vt盘旋
                                                         convoluted  a盘旋的
                                                         convolve  vi盘旋
                                                         convolvement  n盘旋
例句
1. The present work comprises five essays nicely concatenated.
2. The palm of one’s hand is slightly concave.
3. Everyone concedes that two and two make four.
4. I concentrate my thought on the subject.
5. It is at the center of the city.
6. He concluded that the plan was not workable.
7. In concordance with your wish I went there.
8. It is impossible to obtain the concurrence of all the parties concerned.
9. Wood is a poor conductor of heat and electricity, but a metal conducts well in both case.
10. I am confirmed in my opinion by what you told me.
11. The stranger conformed his ways to ours.
12. They conjoin in one to fight against his proposition.
13. A severe illness in conjunction with the hot weather has left the baby very weak.
14. The country has never been conquered by foreign force.
15. The Romans extended their conquest to Britain.
16. The knowledge quieted his conscience.
17. I am deeply conscious of my responsibility as a teacher.
18. He escaped conscription because he was too short.
19. My father could not consent to my leaving school.
20. I ought first to have asked your consent.
21. He does not consider the consequences.
22. The goods were consigned to you by railway and have arrived by now.
23. It was constructed from designs prepared by famous engineer.
24. The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow.
25. That is this result of the corrupt system.

第十三课  词干-dens-(稠,凝)

同族词
A
[con-加强+dens凝结->凝结在一起]凝结,压缩,缩合,浓缩
condensability  n可凝性;可压缩性
condensable  a可凝结的;(文章等)可压缩的
condensary  n炼乳工厂
condensate  n冷凝物,冷凝液
condensation  n冷凝(作用);凝聚(作用);缩合(作用);(文章等的)压缩
condensational  a冷凝的,凝聚的
condensative  a易凝缩的;有凝结趋势的
condensator  n聚光器;凝结器
condense  vt使冷凝,使凝结;压缩;精简;vi浓缩,凝结
condensed  a缩小的,缩短的;浓缩的
condensedly  adv浓缩地;缩短地
condenser  n冷凝器,聚光器;电容器
condensery  n炼乳工厂
condensable  a可凝结的
condensity  n凝结;浓缩
extracondensed  a细长密集的
incondensability  n无凝结性的
incondensable  a不可凝缩的,无凝缩性
recondensation  n再凝集;再浓缩
recondense  vi/vt使再凝集;使再浓缩
B
[dens-稠密]密集,浓厚,愚钝(思想不灵活)
dense  a密集;稠密的;浓厚的;愚钝的;极度的;(底片)厚的,反差强
densely  adv密集地;稠密地;愚钝地
denseness  n密集;稠密;浓厚;愚钝
densify  vt使增加浓度/密度
densimeter  n密度计
densimetric  a密度计的
densimetrically  adv用密度计
densimetry  n用密度计测量
densitometer  n光密度计;显象密度计
density  n密集(度),稠密(度);密度;愚钝;厚度;不透明度
C
[non-否定+dens稠密]无处稠密(数学用语)
nondense  a无处稠密的
D
[nowhere-无处+dens稠密]无处稠密(数学用语)
nowhere-dense  a无处稠密的

例句
1.  A condensation of that famous book was printed in our magazine last month.
2.  Steam condenses into water when it touches a cold surface.
3.  He has to condense his letter of application into one page.
4. This is a condensed version of that famous book.
5. I like the condensed fruit juices.
6. This book is condensable.
7. The city was densed with soldiers.
8. The population density of that country is 685 per square mile.
9. We need a densimeter.


第十四课  词干-doc-.-doct-(教。说)

同族词
A
[doc-,doct-教,说]博士(能说会道的,博学多才之士),医生(古代医生多为教师兼职,中外概同),先生

(对知识分子的称呼,尤其是教师)
docile  a容易管教的,驯顺的,驯良的
docility  n驯良,驯顺
doctor  n博士,医生;兽医;先生;vt授……以博士头衔;医治
doctoral  a博士的
doctorate  a博士衔,博士学位
doctress  n女博士
doctrinaire  n空谈理论的(人)
doctrinairism  n空谈理论,教条主义
doctrinal  a教条的,教义的
doctrinally  adv教条地
doctrinarilly  adv在基本上原则的
doctrine  n教条,教义;原则
document  n公文,文件;文献;证件;vt用文件证明
documentable  a可用文件证明的
documental  a公文的,文件的
documentarily  adv在公文上
documentary  a公文的,文件的;证书的;记录的;n纪录影片;记实小说
documentation  n文件的提供
B
[in-否定+doc教---难教]不服从(怎么教也不行)。难驯服
indocile  a难驯服的;倔强的
indocility  n不服从;难驯服
C
[in-向内+doct教=教导入门]灌输;教授
indoctrinate  vt灌输;教,教训
indoctrinator  n灌输者;教授
indoctrination  n灌输;教训
D
[post-后+doct教]在受高等教育之后
postdoctoral  a博士后
E
[un-无+doc说]无任何说明=无以证明
undocumented  a无正式文件的;无事实证明的

例句
1. Both are docile pupils looking for instruction.
2. If you are ill, go to see a doctor at once.
3. My father doctored here for over 50 years.
4. Where did she do her doctorate?
5. With its entry into World War II, the United States rejected the doctrine of isolationism.
6. He arranged his documents before leaving the office.
7. The history of that period is very badly documented.
8. It is too plain to need documentation.
9. He is an indocile domineering man.
10. They indoctrinate the immigrants in a new way of life.



第十五课  词干-equ-(相等)

同族词
A
[co-(com-的变体)共同+equ 相等]彼此等待
coequal  a(在地位权利等方面)相互平等的
coequality  n相互平等
coequally  adv相互平等地
B
[equ-相等]平衡;平均;公平;赤道
equability  n平稳;一样;平静
equable  a平衡的;(相当)稳定的
equably  adv平稳地,稳定地
equal  a相等的,均等的;相同的;平衡的;胜任的;不相上下的;合适的;平静的;n相等的事物;(地位等

)相同的人;vt等于;比得上
equalitarian  a平均主义的;平等主义的;n平均主义者;平等主义者
equalitarianism  平均主义;平等主义
equality  n同等;平均;等式
equalization  n相等;均等;平均
equalize  vt/vi(使)相等;n相等;均等;平均
equalizer  n使相等者;使平均者;平衡器;均衡器;均压线;补偿器
equally  adv平等地;相同地
equanimity  n沉着,平静,镇定
equate  vt使相等;同等对待;表示……相等;vt相同
equation  n平衡;均衡;平均;相等;等式
equational  a方程式的;相等的
equator  n赤道;天球赤道;(平均分球形物体的面的)圆;(任何)大圆
equatorial  a赤道的;n赤道仪
equatorially  adv在赤道附近
equiangular  a等角的
equiaxed  a各方等大的(尤其指金属晶粒)
equicaloric  a(能产生)同等热量的
equicenter  n等心
equidistance  n等距
equidistant  a等距的;同比例的
equidistantly  adv等距离地;同比例地
equilateral  a等边的;等面的;两侧对称的;n等边形;等边
equilibrant  n平衡力,均衡力
equilibrate  vt/vi平衡;(使)均衡;(使)相称;(使)均衡
equilibration  n平衡;相称;平均
equilibrator  n均衡器
equilibrist  n走钢丝的人
equilibrium  n平衡;平均;相称;平静;不偏不倚
equimolal  a重罧朔肿优ǘ认嗟鹊?
equimolecular  a等分子数的
equimultiple  n等倍数,等倍量
equinoctial  a二分点的;昼夜平分的;春分(或秋分)的;赤道的
equinox  n昼夜平分时;二分点
C
[in-不+equ(i)相等]不相等
inequable  a不一律的;不均衡的;不公允的
inequality  n不平等;不平均;不均衡;不相同;不等(式)
inequilateral  a不等边的
inequitable  a不公正的,偏私的
inequitably  adv不公正地;偏私地
inequity  n不公正,不公平,偏私
D
[sub-几乎+equ]几乎相等
subequal  a几乎相等
subequatorial  a近赤道的
E
[trans-横国+equ]横过赤道
transequatorial  a横越赤道的
F
[un-不+equ]不相等
unequable  a不温和的;易老化的
unequably  adv不相等地;不平等地
unequal  a不相等的,不同的;不平等的;不对称的;n不同等的事物
unequalable  a可不相等的
unequaled  a不等同的;不能比拟的
unequalize  vt使不平等
unequally  adv不相等地;不对称地
unequitable  a不公平的
unequitably  adv不公平地

例句
1. He is coequal with others.
2. In size Japan is equal to France.
3. He had no equal.
4. I cannot equal him in English.
5. He is not on an equality with you.
6. We equalized accounts.
7. They are both equally pretty and they can both run equally fast.
8. The equatorial diameter of the earth is longer than the polar diameter.
9. The body of the fish is equilibrated with the water in witch it swims.
10. We indicated the inequalities of the earth’s surface.
11. His strength was unequal to the task.



第十六课   词干-err-(漫游,走岔)

同族词
A
[ab-离开+err游走]离开正道越走越远;越轨;离开正路
aberrance  n离开正路
aberrancy  n脱离常轨
aberrant  a离开正路的;脱离常轨的;畸变的;异常的
aberration  n离开正路;离开正轨;过失;心理失常;像差;畸变;变型
aberrational  a离开正路的;心理失常的;变型的
B
[err-游走,走岔]歧途;犯罪(走入歧途),错误(方法不正确;路子走得不对);出差(走出办公室),漂

泊(到处游走),巡游,不稳
err  vi犯错误;弄错;作恶;入歧途;漫游
errability  n弄错;作恶
errable  a可能错误的;可能偏差的
errancy  n错误状态
errand  n差使;使命
errant  a周游的;漂泊的;错误的;迷路的;误入歧途的
errantly  adv漂泊地;错误地
errantry  n游侠行为
errata  n,pl错误;勘误表
erratic  a飘忽不定的;不稳定的;无规律的;移动的;游走的;n古怪的人
erratically  adv不稳定地
erratum  n错误;勘误表
erring  a做错了事的;有罪过的
erringly  adv有罪过地
erroneous  a错误的;不正确的
erroneously  adv错误地;不正确地
erroneousness  n错误,不正确
error  n谬误;错误;谬见;错误思想;罪过;邪恶;差错
C
[in-否定+err]没有错误;无误;确定
inerrability  n绝对正确性
inerrable  a不会错的;绝对正确的
inerrably  adv绝对正确地
inerrancy  n无错误;绝对正确
inerrant  a不会错的;绝对正确的
inerratic  a有规律的;固定的
D
[knight-骑士+err]到处游走的侠客
knight-errant  n游侠骑士;侠客
E
[un-无,未+err]未走岔,未走错
unerring  a没有偏差的;准确的
unerringly  adv准确地
unerringness  n准确;无过错


例句
1. That rocket was on an aberrant course.
2. The aberrations(荒唐行为) of his youth have long been forgotten.
3. He erred in supposing that the house was empty.
4. I’ve got a few errands to do in the town.
5. It is the erroneous belief that the earth is flat.
6. He went over it and found only two or three errors.


第十七课  词干-fa-,-fat-(说)

同族词
A
[af-(ad的变体)接近+fa说---K近说话----平易近人---和蔼可亲]温柔,友善;和蔼可亲;(天气)宜人
affability  n和蔼可亲;温柔;友善
affable  a和蔼可亲的;(天气等)宜人的
affably  adv温柔地;友善地
B
[ef-(ex的变体)向外+fa说---向外说出---可用语言表达]说出;表达;说明
effable  a能被说出的。可表达的;可说明的,可解释的
C
[fa-,-fat说]寓言(有所寄托的话),虚构(假话);名声(众口传闻,知名度是被大家说出来的),著名;

命运(上帝旨意,宿命论的说法)
fable  n寓言;虚构的故事;传说;无稽之谈;情节;大众闲谈的题材;vi讲寓言
fabled  a寓言中的;虚构的
fabler  n编寓言者;虚构情节者
fabulist  n寓言家,撒谎者
fabulosity  n寓言性质;虚构性;无稽;惊人
fabulous  a寓言般的;寓言中的;惊人的;难以置信的,极好的;编写寓言的
fabulously  adv难以置信地
fabulousness  n寓言;难以置信
fame  n名望;名声;vt使闻名;盛传;称道
famous  a著名的;出名的;极好的;非常令人满意的
famously  adv极好地;非常令人满意
fatal  a命运的,决定命运的;命中注定的;宿命的;致命的;毁灭性的;不幸的
fatalism  n宿命论
fatalist  n宿命论者
fatalistic  a宿命论的;宿命的
fatalistically  adv宿命论地
fatality  n命运决定的事物天数,命运;厄运;灾祸;死亡(事故),致命性
fatalize /fatalise  vt使倾向宿命论;使受命运支配;vi倾向宿命论
fatally  adv致命地
fate  n命运;天数;毁灭;灾难;vt注定
fated  a命运决定的;注定要毁灭的
fateful  a命中注定的;与命运有关的;致命的
fatefully  adv命中注定地
fatefulness  n命中注定;重大;致命
fatidic(al)  a寓言的;有寓言能力的
D
[in-否定+fa---不说----不会说;不被正面传说]臭名(名声,荣誉的反面);婴儿(不会说话);幼稚(孩子

气)
infamize  vt使声名狼藉
infamous  a声名狼藉的,臭名昭著的;丢脸的;低劣的
infamy  n臭名;声名狼藉,臭名昭著;出丑;丑事
infancy  n婴儿期;摇篮时代;未成年
infant  n婴儿,幼儿;未成年者;a婴儿的;幼稚的;初期的;未成年的
infanticide  n杀害婴儿;杀婴犯
infantile  a婴儿(期)的;幼稚的
infantine  a婴儿(期)的;早期的
infantilism  n幼稚型,婴儿型;幼稚病;幼稚行为
E
[pre-前+fa,fat-说---说在前面]序言,引言
preface  n序言,前言,绪论,引言;vt给……作序;作为……的开端;开始;vi作序
prefatorial  a序言的;引言性的;位于前面的
prefatory  a序言的;引言性的;位于前面的

例句
1. The host is affable to his guests.
2. The story is all a fable.
3. It is fatal to his hopes.
4. There were a dozen fatalities and many cases of injuries.
5. He was fatally wounded.
6. Fate is always against him.
7. He seems fated to lose all his money.
8. He suffered an infamous punishment.
9. We found the infamy of his action.
10. That was the life in his infancy.
11. This is the preface of the first edition.



第十八课   词干-fenc-,fend-,-fens-(保护,屏障)

同族词
A
[de-加强+fenc,fend,fens保护-----加强保护]防御,防护,防务,辩护(保护自己)
defence  n防御;保卫;防务;辩护;答辩
defenceless  a无防御的;无防备的
defencelessly  adv无防御地
defencelessness  n无防御;无防备
defend  vt防守;为……辩护
defendable  a可保护的
defendant  n被告;a处于被告的地位
defender  n保管者
defendress  n女保管者
defense  n防护;防御;防御物;自卫;辩护;答辩
defenseless  a无防备的
defenselessly  adv无防备地
defenselessness  n无防备;不设防
defensibility  n可防御性
defensible  a能防御的;能辩护的
defensibleness  n可防御;可辩护
defensibly  adv可防御地
defensive  a可防御的;防卫的;守势的;n防御;守势
defensively  adv在防御上
defensiveness  n防御;防卫;守势
defensory  a防御的;防卫的;守势的
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----
indefensibility  n不能防的;难以防御的;不能辩护的
indefensible  a不能防守的
indefensibly  adv不能防守地
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----
self-defense  n自卫
self-defensive  a自卫的
undefendableness  n无法保卫
undefended  a没有防备的,无保护的
B
[fenc-,fend-保护]栅栏,篱笆(防御鸡犬),击剑(保护自己,消灭敌人),防护(设防保护),辩论(捍卫

自己的观点)
fence  n栅栏;围栏;篱笆;击剑;雄辩;vt把……用栅栏围起来
fenceless  a无围栏的
fencelessness  n无围栏;无保护
fencer  n击剑的人;修建栅栏的人
fencible  a国防军士兵;a能卫国的
fend  vt保护;挡开;vi照料
fender  n防御物;火炉围栏;救护装置
fendered  a用栅栏保护的
C
[for(e)-先,前+fend-保护---保护在前]挡开;防止
forefend  vt挡开;避开;防止;保护
forfend  vt挡开;避开;防止;保护
D
[of-(ob-的变体)对着+fenc,fend,fens.保护----对着别人的保护----对着别人的篱笆----冒犯]触怒;伤害,

进攻;罪过
offence  n冒犯;触怒;犯法;进攻
offenceless  a不冒犯别人的;无力进攻的
offencelessness  n无力进攻
offend  vt冒犯;触怒;伤害;vi犯错
offendable  a可冒犯的;能伤害的
offendedly  adv冒犯地
offender  n冒犯者;罪犯
offendress  n女冒犯者
offense  n犯法;犯罪;伤感情;不说;触怒;攻击
offenseless  a无罪的;不讨厌的
offenselessly  adv无罪地
offensive  a冒犯的;唐突的;进攻的;n进攻
offensively  adv冒犯地;进攻地
offensiveness  n冒犯;唐突;进攻


例句
1. They took proper defense against their enemy’s attack.
2. It is grammatically defensible.
3. He defended his point successfully.
4. Both countries claimed that they were acting on the defensive.
5. The tree is fenced around with wire.
6. Beautiful white fencing enclosed the pastures.
7. The house jumped over the fence.
8. He offended at(by) my words.
9. No smoking here; offenders will be fine $5.00.
10. His words gave great offense to everybody present.



第十九课   词干-fid-(信任)
同族词
A
[af-(ad的变体)+fid-信任---使更加信任]宣誓(当众说出表示决心的话)
affidavit  n宣誓书
B
[con-共同+fid-信任---更加相信]密友(无话不谈);吐露(倾吐内心秘密);心腹;确信
confidant  n(常指可以与谈有关恋爱事情的)密友,知己
confidante  n知己女友
confide  vt吐露(秘密)信托;委托;vi信任;吐露秘密
confidence  n信任;信心;自信;把握;大胆;过于自信;私房生活;a骗得信任的
confident  a确信的;有信心的,自信的,过于自信的;狂妄的n知心人
confidently  adv确信地;自信地
confidential  a极易信任的,心腹;秘密;表示信任的;易于信任他人的
confidentially  adv秘密地
confiding  a信任别人的
confidingly  adv信任别人地
nonconfidence  n不信任;不自信;不秘密
overconfidence  n过分自信
overconfident  a过分自信的;自负的
preconfide  vt先前信赖vi先前信任
self-confidence  a自信,自持
self-confident  a自信的;满怀信心的
unconfident  a无信心的;迟疑的
C
[dif-(dis-的变体)否定+fid信任----不予信任]缺乏自信,胆怯;踌躇]
diffidence  n缺乏自信;羞怯;胆怯;踌躇
diffident  a缺乏自信的;羞怯的;胆怯的;踌躇的
diffidently  adv胆怯到;踌躇地
D
[fid-信任]信仰;信托;信用
fideism  n信仰主义
fideist  n信仰主义者
fideistic  a信仰主义的
fidelity  n忠诚;忠实;逼真;精确;逼真度;保真度;重现精度
fiducial  a基于信仰的;信托的;信用的;基准的
fiducially  adv信用地;基准地
fiduciary  a信托的;信用的;受信托的;信用发行的;n受信托人
fiduciarily  adv信用地
E
[in-否定+fid---不信任]异教;怀疑;背信;不贞
infidel  n 不信仰宗教的人;异教徒;a不信仰宗教的;异教徒的;怀疑的
infidelity  n无宗教信仰;不信基督教;背信,不忠实
infidelize  vt/vi使 不信奉宗教
F
[nulli-无+fid----无信任----没有信仰]
nullifidian  n无宗教信仰的人
G
[per-过于+fid----过于信任]叛卖;背信弃义
perfidious  a背信弃义的;叛卖的;不忠的
perfidiously  adv背信弃义地;叛卖地
perfidiousness  n背信弃义;叛卖
perfidy  n背信弃义;叛卖;出卖
例句
1.  I confide this book to your keeping.
2. He enjoys the confidence and esteem of his friends
3. I feel quite confident that he will do his duty.
4. He told her something confidentially.
5. He failed through diffidence alone.
6. He remained an infidel to his dying day.
7. Infidelity is ground for their divorce.
8. The fidelity of the translation is very important.
9. He is diffident about expressing his opinion.
10. You have won my confidence; I know I can trust you.


第二十课  词干-fig-,-fict-(塑)
同族词
A
[con-加强+fig---加强塑造----塑造成一定的形状]外形,结构
configuration  n构造,结构;外形;构型
configurational  a结构的;外形的
configurationally  adv在外表上
configurative  a外形的
configure  vt使成型,使具形体
B
[dis-相反+fig----将塑造的形体毁坏]损坏外形;玷污
disfiguration  n损坏外形
disfigure  vt损坏……的外形(容貌);损坏;玷污
disfigurement  n损坏;玷污
disfigurer  n损坏外形者
disfiguringly  adv在损坏外形方面
C
[ef-(ex的变体)外+fig----外形塑造]肖像;雕像;模拟像
effigial  a肖像
effigurate  a有一定形状的
effigy  n(被憎恨或藐视的人的)肖像;雕像;模拟像
D
[fict-,fig-塑]陶制品,虚构,杜撰,比喻;配角
fictile  a塑造的;可塑造的;黏土制的;陶器的;n陶制品
fiction  n虚构;杜撰;捏造;小说;明知不符和事实而习惯上仍采用的假设
fictional  a虚构的;小说的
fictionally  adv杜撰地;虚构地
fictioneer  n小说作家
fictionist  n小说家(长篇小说的)
fictionization  n编小说
fictionize  vt把……编成小说
fictitious  a虚构的;杜撰的;非真实的;假设的;假装的;小说的
fictitiously  adv虚构地;假设地
fictitiousness  n虚构;杜撰;假设
fictive  a非真实的;假设的]
fictively  adv非真实地;假装地
figuline  a陶制的;n陶器
figurable  a能形成的;能定型的
figurability  n能形成性;能定型性
figural  a比喻的;借喻的;具有人的形象的
figurant  n(芭蕾舞)配角;群众角色
figurante  n(芭蕾舞)女配角;女群众角色
figurative  a比喻的,借喻的;象征的;用图形表现的
figuratively  adv比喻地;象征地
figurativeness  n比喻;借喻;象征
figure  n外形;体形;
figured  a有形状的,用图画表现的
figurehead  n船头雕饰;挂名首脑
figurine  n小雕像;小塑像
A
[pre-先+fig塑----预先构造轮廓]预示;预想
prefiguration  n预示;预兆;预想
prefigurative  a预示的;预想的
prefigure  vt预示;预兆;通过形象预示
F
[trans变化+fig----变形]美化(使塑型向好处变化),理想化(对未来事物在思想上进行美化)
transfiguration  n变形,美化,理想化
transfigure  vt使变形;使改观;使美化;理想化
例句
1. Geographers study the configuration of the surface of the earth.
2. Beautiful scenery is often disfigured by ugly advertising signs.
3. We found the disfigurement of walls by scribbles.
4. The dead man’s monument bore his effigy.
5. This is a fictile deity.
6. She is sure his equanimity is fictitious.
7. She made the true seem fictive.
8. She does excises to prove her figure.
9. The topic figured largely in the conversation.



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